Every day we are losing more and more land that can be farmed, or arable land.
Currently only three percent of our earth is arable, and there are more than 7 billion people to feed. By the year 2050, experts estimate that the earth’s population will exceed 9 billion humans – soon the land we are able to use to farm won’t be enough. Hydroponic farming is an obvious answer to this quandary.
Hydroponic technology allows for maximum yield in minimum space. Farmers are able to plant crops both vertically and horizontally in climate-controlled areas. Because they are not dependent on the sun for light or worry about adverse weather conditions, they are able to produce more cycles of harvest in one year. The ability to grow more food in a smaller area is the appeal of hydroponic farming, and may be the perfect answer to the looming global food crisis.
Orginal Article : http://lentein.com/food-for-the-future-hydroponics
Some countries have decided to tackle this problem head on and have already began the process of hydroponic farming.
Japan is, like us, a nation with a booming population and an extremely limited land mass. To produce food for their growing population they have begun to grow rice in underground vaults with hydroponic technology. Instead of having only one crop of rice grow every year they are able to produce four. A completely controlled system means so surprises either. No dry spring or surprise blizzards, no worrying about a swarm of pests that could annihilate the crop. Similarly in Israel hydroponic technology has been used to produce food in an area
not sympathetic to farming. In 40-foot tall shipping containers farmers are able to grow food vertically. They produce crops such as,berries, bananas, and vegetables that otherwise could never thrive in the arid climate. Their system produces 1,000 times greater yields than traditional methods. Further they have automated their system, it is run by robots and resembles an assembly line akin to those seen in manufacturing plants. These small-but-mighty hydroponic farms can also be transported to wherever they are needed most.
To the average person, it seems as though gardening and farming techniques haven’t changed much over the past hundred years. Realistically, however, farming has undergone a quiet revolution over the last 60 years. Mechanization, tools, fertilizers and pesticides, and plant breeding techniques, to name a few, have more than doubled productivity since the end of the second world war.
Today, with technology even further embedded in our culture, the next generation of hi-tech farmers and horticulturalists are working on ways to further revolutionize gardening and farming for the future.
With new technologies emerging that integrate meteorological data and biotechnology, as well as innovative lighting techniques, farming and gardening today are unlike anything we’ve seen before. In order to understand the gardens and farms of the future, today’s tech-savvy agriculturalists are thinking big and outside the box, and imagining new ways of improving existing processes without losing the innate spirit of the gardening or farming experience.
With so much innovation occurring in these areas right now, we decided to take a deep dive into the technologies that are changing the way we grow our foods.
Original Article : https://www.ambius.com/blog/the-future-of-food/